The prevalence of hypertension among urban men and women in the country was 31 per cent and 26 per cent, respectively, a new study has found. While the prevalence of hypertension among urban men and women was maximum in Kerala (31 per cent to 39 per cent), it was lowest in Bihar (16 per cent to 22 per cent), according to a report by the National Institute of Nutrition(NIN).
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in a person's arteries remains persistently elevated.
The premier city-based nutrition research institute works under the aegis of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
The report, 'Diet and nutritional status of urban population and prevalence of Obesity, hypertension, diabetes and its associated non-communicable diseases', was released on the occasion of NIN Foundation Day function yesterday.
The report is based on a comprehensive urban nutrition survey carried out by the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) during 2015-16. The NNMB was established in 1972 by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
According to the report, "The prevalence of diabetes among men and women (after adjustment of age) was 22 per cent and 19 per cent, respectively."